Under the proposals, clubs are being instructed to reintegrate players returning from maternity leave and to provide adequate medical support, while the ability to sign players as temporary maternity cover outside registration periods has also been put forward.
According to FIFA, the termination of a player’s contract on the basis of her pregnancy would lead to clubs paying compensation as well as “sporting sanctions” and potentially fines being imposed.
The reforms, which also include a new minimum standards for coaches’ contracts, were unanimously endorsed by the FSC and will be put to the FIFA Council for final approval in December 2020 ahead of being introduced on January 1.
“We as players need these types of provisions and protections so that nobody has to choose between starting a family and continuing their football career, as some have had to do in the past.”
The measures were welcomed by FIFPro, the global representative for professional football players, for whom Garton is a Global Player Council member.
A FIFPro report from 2017 revealed that only two percent of female players had children and 47% said they would retire prematurely to start a family on the basis of inadequate childcare provisions in the game.
“Following the recent phenomenal growth and the unprecedented success of the FIFA Women’s World Cup in France last year, women’s football is now entering its next stage of development,” said FIFA president Gianni Infantino.
“It follows that we also have to adopt a regulatory framework that is appropriate and suitable to the needs of the women’s game.”